A Detailed Overview Of Thyroid Gland

Are you diagnosed with thyroid disorder recently? Then this article guides the things you want to know about thyroid.

The word thyroid is derived from Greek word “shield.” The shape of the thyroid gland is similar to a small butterfly, and it is situated in the front of your neck. You can learn the importance of thyroid gland and role of thyroid in your body from the Thyroid secret documentary series by Dr Izabella Wentz. The latest article by medicalnewstoday.com helps understand what is thyroid storm? and what do you want to know about it?

Thyroid manages your metabolism. The two important thyroid hormones in your body are T4 and T3. Some of the common thyroid diseases are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and goiters. The main function of thyroid in the endocrine system is to manage the metabolism which is the capacity of your body to split your food and convert them into energy. Foods are fuels to your body, and your body burns them at various rates so some people have fast metabolism rates and some others have slow metabolism rates.

The thyroid gland maintains the control of your metabolism using the thyroid hormone which is done by absorbing iodine from the blood and includes them into thyroid hormone. Thyroid cells are distinct from others in which they are highly talented to attract and use iodine. All the other cells in your body depend on thyroid cells to control the metabolism.

Both hypothalamus and pituitary gland regulate the thyroid. When the thyroid hormone level decreases, hypothalamus discharges Thyroid Releasing Hormone (TRH), which signals the pituitary gland to make Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). In response to these events, the thyroid gland produces an enormous amount of hormones.

The two major thyroid hormones produces and discharges are T3 (tri-iodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). The healthy thyroid gland produces around 20% of T3 and 80% of T4. Thyroid gland also creates some amount of calcitonin that helps to manage blood calcium levels. Thyroid has the potential to cause many diseases. They can create disorders at any age and cause for several reasons such as dietary deficiencies, injury, etc. But the most common problems of thyroid diseases are thyroid cancer, lumps with the thyroid, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

The details of the common thyroid problems are given below.

A goiter is of two types-toxic and nontoxic goiters. Toxic goiter is related with hyperthyroidism and non-toxic goiter is caused due to iodine deficiency. Hyperthyroidism is caused by a large amount of thyroid hormone in the body and hypothyroidism is caused by low amount of thyroid hormones. Goiter disorder is also a side effect of hyperthyroidism occasionally. It is because of an excess amount of thyroid hormone and inflamed tissues.

Solitary thyroid nodules are another common thyroid disorder. Studies found out that majority of the human population have a lump in their thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is also a common problem in recent days. Though it is likely to cause over 30 years, it can easily affect people of any age group.

Thyroiditis is a thyroid inflammation, and there are five kinds of thyroiditis and the treatment procedure differs for each type.

Leave a Reply